PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and Hypothyroidism are serious conditions affecting millions of women worldwide. Despite being two different health problems, they often coexist. This blog post will review the definitions of hypothyroidism and PCOS, their relationships, and treatment options.

The thyroid is a gland located in the neck that creates hormones that control metabolism. 

These hormones, called thyroid hormones, control heart rate, body temperature, and energy levels.

Hypothyroidism: What Is It?

Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are the thyroid gland’s two main hormones. These hormones are released into the bloodstream and spread throughout the body to help control metabolism.¬†

Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. 

When a person has hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland may not produce enough thyroid hormone due to various factors, including an autoimmune condition (such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis), surgery to remove the thyroid gland, radiation therapy, or specific medications.

As a result, the body’s metabolic rate slows, and the individual may experience symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, dry skin, constipation, hair loss, cold sensitivity, and depression.

What Is PCOS?

PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), is a hormonal disorder that affects women of childbearing age. High androgens (male hormones), irregular periods, and sometimes ovarian cysts make it stand out. Acne, body and facial hair development, and weight gain can all happen in women with PCOS.

The Relationship Between PCOS And Hypothyroidism

Both conditions are marked by abnormal menstrual cycles and even hair loss. PCOS symptoms can be made worse by hypothyroidism. However, they are two different conditions.

The relationship between hypothyroidism and PCOS can take many different forms. First, hormonal imbalances play a role in both conditions. Thyroid hormone deficit results in hypothyroidism, whereas androgen over-production results in PCOS.

Second, the endocrine system controls how the body produces hormones, including the thyroid and ovaries. One part of the system’s dysfunction can have an impact on another.

According to studies, women with PCOS are more likely than those without it to experience hypothyroidism. In fact, according to one study, up to 27% of PCOS-afflicted females also had hypothyroidism. Furthermore, women with both illnesses may exhibit more severe symptoms than those with one.

Handling PCOS And Hypothyroidism

Working with your doctor or herbalist to manage both disorders is important.

Levothyroxine and other thyroid hormone replacement treatments are often used to treat hypothyroidism.

PCOS can be treated with lifestyle changes, including diet, exercise, and drugs or herbs that control hormones and increase fertility.

The severity of the condition and the patient’s symptoms will determine how PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and hypothyroidism are treated. For each ailment, the following typical treatment modalities are listed:

Hypothyroidism is diagnosed with a blood test that checks for thyroid hormones (T4 and T3) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), made by the pituitary gland to make the thyroid gland work.

If hypothyroidism is not treated, it can cause high cholesterol, heart disease, and mental health problems. If you suspect you have the illness, see a doctor or herbalist and follow their treatment plan.

PCOS treatments include:

  • A good diet, regular exercise, and weight loss (if overweight or obese) can help with PCOS symptoms like irregular periods and insulin resistance.
  • With birth control pills or other hormonal contraceptives, you can control your periods and lower your testosterone levels.
  • Diabetes medicine metformin can help to reduce insulin resistance and control menstrual periods.
  • Fertility treatments: Women with PCOS may need fertility treatments like clomiphene or letrozole to make them ovulate
  • Herbal Remedies: Herbs¬†are¬†important¬†because¬†there¬†aren’t¬†many¬†drugs¬†that¬†work¬†well. Herbs¬†are¬†a¬†safe¬†and¬†healthy¬†way¬†to¬†support¬†ovarian¬†function¬†and¬†the¬†regulation¬†and¬†metabolism¬†of¬†blood¬†sugar.¬†Herbal treatment also¬†greatly helps¬†with¬†the¬†insulin¬†resistance¬†and¬†stress¬†hormone¬†issues¬†that¬†come¬†with¬†the¬†condition.

Treatment options for hypothyroidism:

  1. Medication: Levothyroxine is one example of an artificial thyroid hormone alternate therapy used to treat hypothyroidism. This medication is usually taken daily to replace the missing thyroid hormone and improve symptoms.
  2. Regular monitoring: People with hypothyroidism should have regular blood tests to watch thyroid hormone levels and change medication doses as needed.
  3. Lifestyle changes: Like most health issues, hypothyroidism symptoms can be helped by making changes to the way you live, like eating healthy, working out often, and reducing stress.
  4. Supplements: Some people with hypothyroidism can benefit from supplements such as selenium or iodine to support thyroid function. However, talking to a healthcare provider before taking any supplements is important.

In some circumstances, treating one ailment may help the other’s symptoms. For instance, addressing hypothyroidism may benefit PCOS-affected women’s menstrual periods and fertility. Moreover, both illnesses can benefit from weight loss through diet and exercise.

In conclusion, PCOS and hypothyroidism are two illnesses that are often related. Engaging with your doctor to treat both conditions and enhance your general health and well-being is important if you have been diagnosed with both. It is possible to control the symptoms of both conditions and lead a healthy, happy life with the right treatment and lifestyle changes.