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PCOS, which stands for polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a hormonal condition that impacts millions of people all over the world.

This condition can present itself through various symptoms and greatly impact a woman’s physical and mental well-being.

This blog aims to shed light on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) symptoms and provide women with the knowledge and motivation to seek appropriate medical advice. PCOS is a complex condition that requires attention and care.

Some of the most common PCOS symptoms are:

Irregular Menstrual Cycle

Infrequent or absent menstrual cycles are one of the critical indicators of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Women with PCOS do not menstruate very often, have significant bleeding during their periods, or have, particularly extended cycles.

These abnormalities are brought on by hormonal imbalances, which interfere with the normal ovulation process and cause infertility.


Hirsutism is an increase in body hair growth, is a common symptom of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women with PCOS may experience unwanted hair growth on various body parts, such as the face, chest, back, or abdomen. The cause of this is the excessive presence of male hormones, called androgens, in the body.

Acne and Oily Skin

PCOS can cause hormonal irregularities, which can lead to an increase in sebum production. This, in turn, can cause acne and oily skin. Skin problems may be quite frustrating for women, which can have a negative impact on their confidence and self-esteem.

Gaining Weight And Finding It Difficult to Lose Weight

It’s common for women with PCOS to face challenges with weight management, whether it’s gaining weight or losing it. Hormonal imbalances can impact metabolism and insulin resistance, making weight control a tougher task.

Mood Swings And Mental Distress

PCOS is known for causing hormonal imbalances that affect a woman’s mental well-being, leading to mood swings and emotional distress.

Women with PCOS often experience symptoms such as mood fluctuations, anger, anxiety, and depression. It’s crucial to provide them with medical therapy and emotional support to help them cope with these challenges.

Insulin Resistance And The Risk of Developing Diabetes

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) often leads to insulin resistance, making the body’s cells less sensitive to insulin. As a result, the blood may contain increased glucose levels, which could increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, especially in women.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder defined by pauses in breathing during sleep. It is more common in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) than in the general population. PCOS is associated with hormonal imbalances and weight gain, which can both contribute to the development of this disorder.

Fertility Struggles

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can cause infertility in women. Those with PCOS may struggle to conceive due to irregular or absent ovulation. However, early diagnosis and proper care can significantly increase the chances of pregnancy.

Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

PCOS can elevate the risk of cardiovascular diseases like high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and heart disease in women.

This is due to the higher likelihood of developing the condition. Therefore, it is crucial for women with PCOS to have their cardiovascular health checked regularly.


Hyperandrogenism is the ovaries’ excessive production of androgens, primarily testosterone. The condition is characterized by acne, excess hair growth, and excess muscle development. Androgens are hormones that are produced in both men and women.

They affect many body parts, including the skin, hair, muscles, and bones. While it is normal for women to produce androgens, in those with PCOS, the ovaries produce excessive testosterone levels, which can lead to the symptoms listed above.

There are several reasons why hyperandrogenism occurs in women. It occurs when the normal estrogen levels are low, which leads to excess testosterone production by the body. Another cause is an abnormality in the ovarian function that causes the ovaries to produce excess testosterone.

Diagnosing PCOS

Common PCOS diagnosis steps:

1. Medical history

Your doctor will ask about your menstrual cycles, symptoms, and medical conditions. They may ask about your family.

2. Physical examination

PCOS symptoms such increased hair growth, acne, and weight gain will be checked. Your doctor will check your blood pressure, BMI, and waist circumference.

3.Hormone levels can be checked through blood tests.

These tests measure LH, FSH, estrogen, testosterone, and other hormones. Checking blood sugar and cholesterol is also possible.

4.Pelvic ultrasound

An ultrasound of the ovaries can detect several tiny cysts. Cysts alone do not indicate PCOS; other criteria must be evaluated.

Other tests: Thyroid problems and adrenal gland abnormalities may be ruled out with other tests.


Identifying the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is crucial to obtain a timely and accurate diagnosis and effectively managing this complex hormonal disorder. It is highly recommended to consult with a doctor or herbalist to receive treatment options if you suspect that you may be experiencing PCOS.

Changing your lifestyle, like adopting a balanced diet, regularly exercising, and finding healthy ways to manage stress, are crucial in managing symptoms of PCOS.

Women can improve their overall well-being by being aware of PCOS symptoms, taking preventative measures to treat them, and leading fulfilling lives.

Also Read: The Basics of PCOS